Selecting The Right Air Conditioning System For Your Home
Buyers Beware: Correctly Sized Air Conditioners Save Money!
When you purchase a new cooling and heating unit to change your old one - or if an entirely brand-new system is being installed in your new home - the installer has to understand how huge or, more significantly, how little the system needs to be. In order to understand precisely how huge (or small) it must be, the professional needs to determine just how much cooling and heating capacity it need to need to keep the occupants comfortable. This is called the load of the house.
The load of the home is partially dependent upon the house's square video footage. However, a real load computation goes beyond that. An accurate load decision consists of building construction; orientation to the sun; 'R' worth of the insulation; number, size, and positioning of rooms; number, size, and placement of doors and windows; kinds of doors and windows (thermal effectiveness); number and plan of floorings; and the climate.
Residential load estimations make use of mathematical formulas that take all these variables into factor to consider. They have been digital, so they're not as lengthy as they were in the past.
Identifying the load using rules of thumb usually causes an over-sized heating and air conditioning system, leading to an increased preliminary expense, increased monthly energy find out more here bills, increased maintenance, and reduced devices life due to the fact that more information can be found here the devices cycles on and off too frequently.
Who Does the Load Calculation?
The professional you decide to install your new system must be able to perform these calculations. You may ask him for this service. If he does not want to do it, or says it isn't necessary, you might want to look for a different professional. In some areas, the regional utility will carry out a load computation - consult your local energy.
Why it's Important to Have the Right Sized System
Having the wrong-size heating-cooling system can lead to multiple issues. Over-sizing your cooling system is not a good idea. Without entering excessive detail, your cooling load includes two parts:
- The temperature of the air, called the sensible load.
- Wetness or 'humidity' in the air, called the latent load.
We've all heard the saying, 'It's not the heat; it's the humidity.' A cooling system that is too huge cools down the temperature level very rapidly, however it does not run long enough to remove sufficient wetness or 'humidity' from the air. The outcome is you feel cool but clammy. Many individuals then reject the thermostat to make the A/C unit run longer, increasing the energy bill. In many cases, the insufficient moisture removal arising from over-sized cooling devices can cause mold development and other types of moisture-related damage.
A properly sized cooling system runs enough time to 'wring' wetness from the air. This enables you to be comfortable at a slightly greater thermostat setting and enables you to save loan on your energy bill. It likewise looks after the 'mugginess' without making you feel too cold.
Cooling systems are sized in 'heaps,' which is a measure of the rate at which they provide cooling, not how much they weigh. One lots of cooling amounts to 12,000 BTU/H (British Thermal Units per hour), the rate of cooling required to freeze one ton of ice at 32F in one day.
It is much better to have a system that supplies a little less than the needed tonnage of cooling, rather than a system that supplies more than the required tonnage of cooling.